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分词短语作状语(分词短语是什么意思)

分词短语是什么?请多给几个例句 分词后面加上短语构成分词短语,分词短语,首先含有分词,短语就是由两个或两个以上…

分词短语是什么?请多给几个例句

分词后面加上短语构成分词短语,分词短语,首先含有分词,短语就是由两个或两个以上单词组成的一个结构。分词短语就是由分词加其他词构成的短语。比如:1、i like the girl singing in the room.
分析:girl后面的singing in the room.就是分词短语,在句中做定语2、The boy called Tom is my best friend.
分析:called 是过去分词做定语.修饰boy 可以翻译为叫做汤姆的男孩3、There was a terrible noise following the sudden burst of light.
分析:这些都是做定语的4、Seeing from the top of the hill, we can find that the city looks more beautiful.
分析:逻辑主语是we现在分词做状语5、seen from the top of the hill, it looks like a dragon.
分析:逻辑主语是 it 过去分词做状语6、scolded by the teacher,he is unhappy.
分子:也是过去分词短语做原因状语

分词短语作状语(分词短语是什么意思)插图

英语分词短语

是的。英语中分词短语有现在分词短语和过去分词短语,它们都是:分词+ 宾语或状语组成。分词短语作定语时,位于所修饰的单词后面。如:the man carrying a large unbrella 拿着大伞的那个人
而单独的分词修饰一个词,作定语时,则位于被修饰的词前了。如:
He is a modest , understanding man.

什么是分词短语

一、分词短语作定语,短语我用括号表示:①The man (standing in front of our classroom)is our headmaster. 站在我们教室前面的那个人是我们的校长。②The police found the car (stolen from a rich businessman).警察找到了从富商那被盗走的汽车。二、分词短语作状语:① (Walking in the field), he noticed an unusual flower. 正在田野走着,他发现了一种不同寻常的花。② (Tired of cooking), the Smiths went to a restaurant to have dinner. 讨厌做饭,史密斯一家去了饭店吃饭。三、作补语:① I heard someone (singing loudly outside).我听到外面有人高声唱歌。② I found my room (broken into )。我发现有人进入过我的房间。四、作表语:① Your story is (quite interesting).你的故事很有趣。② The bridge was (badly damaged in the earthquake).桥梁在地震中严重受损。最后提醒:分词短语作表语与被动语态很相似,容易弄混。被动语态强调动作,表语强调状态。状态是持续的,动作是短暂的。

分词短语的语法功能

  1. 分词就是动词 ing或 ed的形成,称为现在分词和过去分词。分词是由动词变化而来,所以可以带宾语或状语,由此构成了分词短语。分词也称为非谓语动词,不可以作谓语,但可以作定语、状语、补语、表语。

  2. 分词短语作定语。例如:The police found the car (stolen from a rich businessman).警察找到了从富商那被盗走的汽车。

  3. 分词短语作状语。例如:(Tired of cooking), the Smiths went to a restaurant to have dinner. 讨厌做饭,史密斯一家去了饭店吃饭。

  4. 分词短语作补语。例如:I found my room (broken into )。我发现有人进入过我的房间。

  5. 分词短语作表语。例如:The bridge was (badly damaged in the earthquake).桥梁在地震中严重受损。

  6. 注意事项:分词短语作表语与被动语态很=容易弄混。但是被动语态强调动作,表语强调状态。状态是持续的,动作是短暂的。考生一定要学会擦亮眼睛。

分词短语是什么

即动词的-ing,-ed短语,可做定语或状语.
The boys tanding by the door is a student.(其中的
standing by the door 就是ing短语做定语修饰boys.)
Knowing the news,he got excited.(knowing the news 短语做状语)
He came into the classroom,followed by two students.(followed by two students.是过去分词做状语)
We met a boy bitten by his father.(bitten by his father是过去分词做定语)

英语中什么是分词短语

首先要知道什么是分词.分词就是动词 ing或 ed的形成,称为现在分词和过去分词.既然分词是由动词变化而来,那么它就继承了动词原有的属性,即:可以带宾语或状语.这就构成了分词短语.分词也称为非谓语动词,不可以作谓语,但可以作定语、状语、补语、表语.下面举例说明:
一、分词短语作定语,短语我用括号表示:
①The man (standing in front of our classroom)is our headmaster.站在我们教室前面的那个人是我们的校长.
②The police found the car (stolen from a rich businessman).警察找到了从富商那被盗走的汽车.
二、分词短语作状语:
① (Walking in the field),he noticed an unusual flower.正在田野走着,他发现了一种不同寻常的花.
② (Tired of cooking),the Smiths went to a restaurant to have dinner.讨厌做饭,史密斯一家去了饭店吃饭.
三、作补语:
① I heard someone (singing loudly outside).我听到外面有人高声唱歌.
② I found my room (broken into ).我发现有人进入过我的房间.
四、作表语:
① Your story is (quite interesting).你的故事很有趣.
② The bridge was (badly damaged in the earthquake).桥梁在地震中严重受损.
最后提醒:分词短语作表语与被动语态很相似,容易弄混.被动语态强调动作,表语强调状态.状态是持续的,动作是短暂的.

分词短语是什么?

分词短语就是在分词后面加上短语构成。英语中分词短语有现在分词短语和过去分词短语,它们都是:分词+ 宾语或状语组成。分词短语作定语时,位于所修饰的单词后面。如:the man carrying a large unbrella。拿着大伞的那个人。如:I like the girl singing in the room。分析:girl后面的singing in the room就是分词短语,在句中作定语。如:The boy called Tom is my best friend。分析:called是过去分词作定语,修饰boy,可以翻译为叫做汤姆的男孩。

扩展资料

1、分词短语作状语如:Walking in the field, he noticed an unusual flower。正在田野走着,他发现了一种不同寻常的花。2、分词短语作补语如:I heard someone singing loudly outside。我听到外面有人高声唱歌。3、分词短语作表语如:Your story is quite interesting。你的故事很有趣。

现在分词短语是什么

现在分词(present participle)(又称-ing形式,现在进行式) ,是分词的一种,分词又分为现在分词和过去分词,它们都是非限定动词,现在分词在句子里面不能单独充当谓语,但能充当其它的一些成分(定语,表语,补语,状语),并且它们具有动词的性质,所以又是类动词的一种。一般式:doing; 一般被动式:being done; 完成式:having done; 完成被动式:having been done。 所有否定式都是在-ing前面加not ,包括独立主格形式。
现在分词在英语这一科目中,也是比较重要的一部分,具有双重性,一面具有动词的特征,可以有自己的宾语和状语;另一面具有形容词和副词的特征,可以充当表语,定语,状语,补足语,可以表示主动或正在进行的动作,是非谓语动词的一种。
分词是动词的三种非谓语形式之一,分为现在分词和过去分词。现在分词的形式由动词原形加词尾-ING构成,过去分词的形式分为规则变化和不规则变化,规则变化是在动词原形后加-ED,不规则变化要单独记忆,如:rot—rotted—rotten、sink—sank—sunk、strike—struck—struck、bear—bore—borne、get—got—gotten、hang—hung—hung。
分词也具有动词的特征,有时式和语态的变化,并可以带状语或宾语,分词的否定式是在分词前加not。如:
Having hurried through his breakfast, he went to wait for the school
bus.
The problem being discussed now is our quarterly meeting.
Having been working here for four and a half years, I have no time for other
things.
Having been written in haste, the paper is full of mistakes.
When asked such a queer question, he was
at a loss how to answer it.
Not wanting to continue my service in the plant, I joined the army.
及物动词的现在分词的主动式,在时间上表示正在进行的动作,在语态上表示主动意义;及物动词的过去分词在时间上表示动作的完成,在语态上表示被动意义。如:
a refreshing breeze
feel refreshed
a frightening scene
a frightened child
a disappointing matter
a disappointed look
现在分词表示动作正在进行或一般现在时的概念,过去分词表示动作已经完成,不一定有被动意义,如:
falling leaves
fallen leaves
boiling
water
boiled
water
不及物动词come和连系动词become的过去分词要后置。如:
a former teacher become a lover
a god come down to the earth
He was a young carpenter come from the USA.

分词短语是什么?其具体用法?

分词可以分为–ing分词和–ed分词两种形式.
1)–ing分词又可以分为两种形式:一是动词+
–ing分词,二是动词+宾语+介词+
–ing分词.下面是两个例子:
I
can't
resist
bargaining.(我不能抵制讨价还价);Bob
talked
us
into
walking
home
with
him
.(Bob劝我们和他一起回家.)对于第二种形式中介词常有into
和from
两种.
2)–ed
分词作前置修饰语通常来自及物动词,少数来自不及物动词.例如:来自及物动词的短语:a
bored
traveller
,a
lost
cause
,a
finshed
article
;
来自不及物动词的短语:a
retired
worker=a
work
who
has
retired
;a
grown
man
=a
person
who
has
grown
to
a
man's
size.
向你推荐一本语法书:薄冰语法全解.

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